The two books of Chronicles are really journals or records
of events and facts about Jerusalem and the worship of God in
the days of King David, King Solomon and the later kings of
The Hebrew name for these two books is 'The Acts of Days'.
Several important incidents in the life of David are recorded
as they affected the worship of God.
1 Chronicles commences with several chapters of genealogies
- reminding God's people of their ancestry and heritage, and
particularly of their function as witnesses to God among the
nations. Later chapters cover the same ground as the end of
I Samuel, much of 2 Samuel and the start of 1Kings, but this
book emphasises spiritual themes. National success is shown
in 1 Chronicles to be linked with faith in God and obedience
to His ways.
There are frequent references to the Ark (containing the ten
commandments) and to the importance of true worship. In chapter
17 we read of God's Kingdom, centred on Jerusalem, which will
last for ever.
David himself was not allowed to build a Temple for God; "God
said unto me, Thou shalt not build a house for my name, because
thou hast been a man of war" (28:3). David did, however,
prepare the material needed to build the Temple, and prayed
that God would "give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart,
to keep thy commandments
and to build the palace (temple),
for the which I have made provision" (29:19).