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The book of Isaiah is one of the four 'major' prophets and contains 66 chapters. In this lovely book we learn of the holiness of God and of His promise of a Saviour and King for all nations in the future age when Jerusalem will be His capital city.

Isaiah prophesied during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, Kings of Judah, from about 740-700 BC. Judah was opposed by Syria and Israel (Northern Kingdom) as well as being a buffer state between Egypt and Assyria (which was growing in power at the time).

Isaiah told Judah that their safety lay in serving God, not relying on human forces or alliances (30:15). He also had to deliver God's judgements ("burdens") upon nearby nations (chapters 13-23).

In the centre of the book is an historical section dealing with the time of the Assyrian invasion of Judah and God's deliverance of Jerusalem. Despite this deliverance, God knew that Judah would again rebel against Him. So Isaiah prophesies troubles yet to come on the Jews, both from Babylon and the other nations.

However, God's great plan (11:9) would be carried out. He would first send the Messiah to save His people from their sins and to eventually be their King - and King of the whole world.

God's Servant:

From chapters 49-53, we read about God's servant. Isaiah himself worked for God, as also should the people of Judah and all Israel have done (49:3). But the ideal Servant was still to come (49:5-6). He would, however, be rejected by the people but would yet be their Saviour (53:11-12) and their King (42:1-4).

God's Kingdom:

In chapter 2 Isaiah describes the time when Jesus will be King in Jerusalem and over the whole world. It will be a time of peace and joy (11:1-9). Christ will sit on David's throne (9:6-7), Israel will be comforted and forgiven (40:1-5) and the whole world will be renewed (65:17).




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