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Leviticus

Leviticus is the book about sacrifices and priesthood and relates principally to the Levites and priests and their services.

Levi was the tribe of Israel whose men acted as priests for Israel. Aaron was Israel's first High Priest and his sons and descendants continued the priesthood over the next eight centuries.

One of the most notable features of the book of Leviticus is what may be called its spiritual meaning. It was a prophecy of things to come. Priests and people had to be shown that they had sinned and needed a Saviour who could take away their sins. The many sacrifices that had to be made were intended as a constant reminder of this fact. The sacrifices of the law pointed forward to the sacrifice of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ, whose total dedication and sinless-ness made him the perfect offering for those who seek redemption. He fulfilled all that was intended in the various offerings:

Offering
Chapter
Meaning
Burnt
1
Giving self to God
Meal/Cereal
2
Thanks to God
Peace
3
Peace with God
Sin
4
Covering for sin
Trespass
5
Forgiveness for personal sins
Atonement
16
National cleansing

Various festivals were also to be kept as reminders of God's ways and of His deliverance of His people. These included:

    • The Sabbath
    • The Passover
    • Feast of Firstfruits (Pentecost)
    • Feast of Trumpets
    • Day of Atonement
    • Feast of Booths (Tabernacles)

Leviticus contains instructions on how the priests were to be set apart for their special work; rules for health and cleanliness amongst God's people; rules about social behaviour affecting masters, servants, people and their neighbours; and it details the personal and collective life of holiness required of Israel.

 

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